Years ago, with scary threats of mosquitoes (Lyme’s Disease, West Nile virus) in the news, I spent some time reading about mosquito repellents. We wanted something that didn’t contain toxic chemicals and, of course, one that would work. We lived on a farm where there were a lot of lakes and wetlands. I came upon an article written by Shoshanna Easling at the Bulk Herb Store. I felt she had the right idea.
“The last great plague of 1664-1665 covered all of Europe, Turkey, India, and into China. It is estimated that at least one-half of the population of those areas died. The people knew the disease was somehow related to the rats and mice, because as the rodents died off, so did the people.
“I read of one old couple who served the sick and never got ill. They strongly believed their immunity was the result of the use of herbal vinegar, which they put on their hair, clothes, and even a vinegar-drenched rag placed in front of their faces while attending the sick. They lived to tell their stories and to promote their preventative.
“Many families survived by creating acrid smoke in their homes every third day. They thought the smoke was purifying the air of disease. The smoke was made by burning a variety of things, from gunpowder to the herb rosemary. They suspected it would drive the rodents and fleas from their homes.
“Burning rosemary, which is a pleasant odor, proved to be so effective in ridding homes of pests that its use has continued down through the years. Even as late as World War II, rosemary incenses were burned in the hospitals of France to “cleanse the air”.
The Story of the Four Thieves
“The most famous and interesting story of healing coming out of the great Black Death plague was the story of the four thieves and their amazing concoction that came to be known as The Vinegar of the Four Thieves. History records that the four thieves were arrested for stealing from the homes of the many dead victims. One of the thieves was an herbalist, whose herbal wine vinegar purportedly kept the four thieves alive all during the Black Death. These men also kept a vinegar soaked rag over their faces during the plague. [Vinegar is used now as a germ killing bleach alternative. We are always told during flu season not to touch our faces as that is the entry point]. As their resistance to the disease became obvious, others started using their vinegar tincture—reportedly with great success.
“The old records document several recipes that are very much alike. I looked up each of the herbs comprising the tincture and marveled at how effective the tincture would be in place of today’s insect repellents. Of course, superstition was rampant during those times, and disease was not understood, so the old history books confuse superstition with herbal healing. Common sense and more recent medical understanding have made it possible to comprehend why this herbal vinegar worked so well.”
Rosemary, being a strong antiseptic, was one of the choice herbs (photo above).
Wormwood is a bitter herb. It is antiseptic and antiparasitic, but do not use it internally.
Sage is antibacterial, antifungal, and has antioxidant properties. It has been used since the Middle Ages as an insect repellent.
And chopped fresh garlic, is the king of herbs. It has properties that are antimicrobial, antibiotic and, antifungal—chemicals that kill parasites. Always keep some on hand and read about how to use it for your family. Bulbs of garlic are easy to grow and would be my choice of medicine in a hostile world without medical care.
It should be diluted with water to half strength if you spray it directly on your skin. This repellent can be used many ways. Splashed on your socks or shoes will discourage ticks, chiggers, and mites. An herbal cloth kept in your pocket and rubbed on your skin every hour or so would be very beneficial during outdoor work, recreation, or while out on camping trips. It should only be used externally.”
I bought the pre-mixed herbs and followed the directions below. Stored in a cool dark place, it keeps for years. I am making it again this year, and wanted to share about it with you and your family.
It was fun when we first made this together at the farm. I used it as a lesson in herbology. While we smelled a bit like a salad, we didn’t have to use a product with DEET, and it was effective for us. Simply spray it on, keeping it out of eyes.
Share some of the bulk mixture with a friend so they can make it, too. You can purchase the pre-mixed herbs in small bulk packages reasonably from the Bulk Herb Store. It will take you to their very interesting catalog.
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Directions to Make the Tincture
Combine 12 tablespoons of the premixed herbs and 2 quarts of vinegar in a large sealed glass jar, and steep in a cool, dark place for 2 weeks or so, shaking daily. Then, strain out the used herbs, and retain the herbal liquid mixture. Makes 2 quarts.
After straining, add several cloves of crushed garlic, and close lid. Let soak for another three days; strain out the garlic fiber and discard.
This liquid tincture needs to be stored in a cool place, like the refrigerator. It can be preserved for a very long period of time by canning. Don’t forget to date and label it.
Recommendations and Research
- This is for external use ONLY. It is easiest to use a spray bottle to apply.
- The Vinegar of the Four Thieves can be used to benefit anyone: men, women (including before, during or after pregnancy, and while nursing), children and animals.
Thanks for reading!